Złoty Stok Gold Mine – Poland’s Oldest Gold Mine Turned Museum

Nestled in the town of Złoty Stok, a small town in Ząbkowice Śląskie County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland, lies a historical gem – the Złoty Stok Gold Mine. This mine holds the distinction of being the oldest gold mine in Poland, and it has now been transformed into a museum, offering visitors a unique glimpse into the country’s rich mining history.

A Golden History

The name Złoty Stok translates to „golden hillside” in Polish, a fitting name given the town’s golden past. The first evidence of mining in Złoty Stok dates back to the first millennium AD. In 1491, Duke Henry I of the Czech Podiebrad family granted the town the coat of arms, banner, and the title of a „Free Mining City”. Many German and Czech miners settled there. At the beginning of the 16th century, the town, known as Reichenstein (literally „Richstone”) by the Germans and Rychleby by the Czechs, began to flourish thanks to the mining and working of gold. The search for this precious ore continued until the closing of the mine in the late 1960s, even though it had not fully rendered all its wealth.

From Mine to Museum

Today, the Złoty Stok Gold Mine has been transformed into a museum of gold mining and metallurgy. This museum offers visitors a unique opportunity to learn about the history of gold mining in the region, the process of gold extraction, and the lives of the miners who worked in the mine. The museum also showcases various artifacts from the mine’s operational days, providing a tangible link to the past.

A Journey Underground

Visitors to the Złoty Stok Gold Mine Museum can embark on a journey underground, exploring the mine’s extensive network of tunnels. The experience is both educational and thrilling, offering a rare insight into the conditions that miners worked under and the techniques they used to extract gold from the earth.


The Złoty Stok Gold Mine Museum is more than just a museum; it’s a journey into Poland’s golden past. It offers a unique opportunity to explore the country’s rich mining history and gain a deeper understanding of the industry that played a significant role in shaping the region. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a geology buff, or simply a curious traveler, a visit to the Złoty Stok Gold Mine Museum promises to be a golden experience.

Photos taken from museeum.com and koronakarkonoszy.pl